英汉翻译课堂练习

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  I.分别用词语和形式对应译法和语义表达译法试译下列句子,并比较翻译中的感觉和译文的效果
  1. It's more a poem than a picture.
  2. He drank himself out of the best lines.
  3. He pretends to be as modest as anything.
  4. Fire goes wherever it can, but it prefers to follow a draft.
  5. The room was easily traced by the noise that was coming from it.
  6. Taking care to pitch my voice to politeness, I asked about the next bus to Hattiesburg.
  7. If you feel depressed at a social gathering, keep it a secret.
  8. The bacteria pneumonia may complicate influenza at both extremes of age.
 
参考译文
  1. 与其说那是一幅画,不如说那是一首诗。
  2. 他借酒写得好诗句。
  3. 他装得极为谦虚。
  4. 火是无孔不入的,可是它更爱窜入通风的地方。
  5. 循声而去,便轻而易举地找到了那间屋子。
  6. 我陪着小心,用温和的口吻询问开往哈蒂斯堡下一斑车的情况。
  7. 在社交场合,你就是感到情绪压抑,也不要表露出来。
  8. 患有流感的幼儿和老人可能并发细菌性肺炎。
 
  II.分别用词语和形式对应译法和语义表达译法试译下列句子,并比较翻译中的感觉和译文的效果
  1. He wants a lawyer who understands his case, who sympathizes with him and who has been there himself.
  2. World-famous for his works he was never personally well known, for throughout his life he avoided publicity.
  3. While you are in the act of summoning your energies, focus on a plan. Don't exhaust yourself with fruitless excursions into any and all possibilities.
  4. A book may be compared to your neighbor: if it is good, it can not last too long; if bad you can not get rid of it too early.
  5. Instead of honoring this sacred obligation, America has given the Negro people a bad check -- a check which has come back marked "insufficient funds".
  6. A friend is someone who draws out your own best qualities, with whom you sparkle and become more of whatever the friendship draws upon.
  7. To petrol we owe the existence of the motor-car, which has replaced the private carriage drawn by the horse. To petrol we owe the possibility of flying.
  8. Because of limited insurance coverage, many people will have to look to their own resources -- both emotional and financial -- to care for an infirm or recovering relative at home.
  9. During the last six years, 44 of 60 scholarship winners have been the children of foreigners. the talent search, certainly in this decade, is a tribute as much to immigration as to education.
  10. The new architectural styles have become powerful image makers overseas. Two stunning arrivals now gracing Hong Kong's crowded skyline -- the privately-owned Hong Kong & Shanghai Bank building and Bank of China's headquarters -- stand as monuments to the rival economic interests, cultures and ideologies that define the city.

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