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美国文学测试题七

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  I. Multiple Choices 30%
  1.The short story as a genre in American literature probably began with Irving’s ________.
  a. The History of New York  b. The Sketch Book
  c. The Alhambra     d. Life of Washington
  2.__________ by Emerson marked the birth of New England Transcendentalism.
  a. The American Scholar   b. Power
  c. Nature      d. Wealth
  3._________ ‘s fame rested largely upon his handling of his major fictional theme, “the international theme”.
  a. Henry James     b. Jonathan Edwards
  c. Nathaniel Hawthorne   d. Frank Norris
  4.________ by Melville is an encyclopedia of everything, history, philosophy, religion, etc., in addition to a detailed account of the operations of the whaling industry.
  a. Typee       b. Ommo
  c. White Jacket     d. Moby Dick
  5.American literature produced only one female poet during the nineteenth century. She was____________.
  a. Anne Bradstreet    b. Emily Dickinson
  c. Edgar Allan Poe    d. T.S. Eliot
  6. __________is credited with the invention of modern horror tale, the science-fiction tale, and the detective story.
  a. Edgar Allan Poe     b. Mark Twain
  c. William D Howells     d. Stephen Crane
  7. __________’s “Leaves of Grass ” established him as the most popular American poet of the 19th century.
  a. Robert Frost      b. E. E. Cummings
  c. Walt Whitman     d. Emily Dickinson
  8. The best work that Mark Twain ever produced is ________, which was a success from its first publication in 1884, and has always been regarded as one of the greatest books of western literature and western civilization.
  a. Life on the Mississippi    b. The Adventures of Tom Sawyer
   c. The Adventures of Huckleberry Fin  d. The Mysterious Stranger
  9.American Puritanism is a two-faceted tradition of religion idealism and levelheaded common sense; Jonathan Edwards represents the former aspect and __________represents the latter.
  a. Benjamin Franklin   b. John Winthrop
  c. William Bradford    d. Edward Taylor
  10.________ is the poem that brought an immediate success to Edgar Allan Poe. It has remained one of his most enduring works.
  a. The Raven    b. Because I Can Not Stop For Death
  c. O, Captain, My Captain  d. The Fog
  11. ________ made great contribution to realism. He was respected as the dean of American literature.
  a. William Howells    b. Theodore Dreiser
  c. Frank Norris    d. Mark Twain
  12. Although Cooper produced over thirty novels, he is best remembered for his _________.
  a. Leatherstocking Tales   b. The Spy
  c The Last of the Mohicans   d. The Modern Instance
  13.In ________, Thoreau advocates a simple, self-sufficient way of life in order to free the individual from the self –imposed social and financial obligations.
  a. Civil Disobedience   b. Walden
  c. A Plea for Jon Brown   d. A Week on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers
  14. The realistic period is referred to as “the Gilded Age “ by _________.
  a. William Howells   b. Henry James
  c. Stephen Crane    d. Mark Twain
  15. __________ by Stephen Crane is the first uncompromising naturalistic novel in America.
  a. Maggie: A Girl of the Street  b. The Red Badge
  c. The Octopus         d. McTeague
  II. . Explain the following terms 20%
  1. Naturalism
  2. Poor Richard’s Almanac
  3. Local Colorism
  4. Realism
  III. Comments and statements. 50pts
  1. Comment on Henry James’s literary achievements. (20pts)
  2. Comment on New England Transcendentalism. (15pts)
  3.Who is the author of Walden? What kind of book is it? (15pts)

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