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英国文学习题及答案-exercise one

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  I. Fill in the following blanks.
 
  1. After the fall of the Roman Empire and the withdrawal of Roman troops from Albion the aboriginal   population of the larger part of the island was soon conquered and almost totally exterminated by the Teutonic tribes of     and   who came from the continent and settled in the island naming its central part   or England.
 
  2.For nearly   years prior to the coming of the English Britain had been a Roman province. In   the Romans withdrew their legions from Britain to protect herself against swarms of Teutonic invaders.
 
  3. he literature of early period falls naturally into two divisions_____ and  . The former represents the poetry which the Anglo-Saxons probably brought with them in the form of_______ the crude material out of which literature was slowly developed on English soil the later represents the writings developed under the teaching of  .
 
  4. In reading the earliest poetry of English it is well to remember that all of it was copied by   and seems to have been more or less altered to give it a  .
 
  5.   can be justly termed England’s national epic and its hero_____one of the national heroes of the English people.
 
  6.The song of Beowulf reflects events which took place on the  approximately at the beginning of the   century when the forefathers of the Jutes lived in the   and maintained close relations with the kindred tribes e.g. with the  who lived on the other side of the straits.
 
  7. Among the early Anglo-Saxon poets we may mention   who lived in the latter half of the   century and who wrote a poetic Paraphrase of the Bible.
 
  8.  is the first known religious poet of England. He is known as the father of English song.
 
  9. The didactic poem The Christ was produced by  .
 
  II. Choose the best answer for each blank.
 
  1. The most important work of   is the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles which is regarded as the best monument of the old English prose.
  a. Alfred the Great   b. Caedmon
  c. Cynewulf     d. Venerable Bede
 
  2.Who is the monster half-human who had mingled thirty warriors in The Song of Beowulf
  a. Hrothgar     b. Heorot
  c. Grendel    d. Beowulf
 
  3.  is the first important religious poet in English literature.
   a. Cynewulf   b. romanticists
  c. Shakespeare   d. Adam Bede
 
  4.The epic The Song of Beowulf represents the spirit of __________.
  a. monks      b. romanticists
  c. sentimentalists   d. pagan
 
  III. Decide whether the following statements are true or false and write your answers in the brackets.
  1. (  The author of The Song of Beowulf is Cynewulf.
  2. (  The setting of The Song of Beowulf is in Scotland.
  3. (  Alfred the Great compiles The Anglo-Saxon Chronicles
  4. (  Venerable Bede wrote The Ecclesiastical History of the English People.
  5. (  The author of The Paraphrase of the Bible is Caedmon.
 
  IV. Define the literary terms listed below.
  1. Alliteration
  2. Epic
 
  V. Answer the following questions.
  1. What do you know about the Teutons
  2. Please give a brief description of The Song of Beowulf.
 
  VI. Exercise on the readings.
 
  Of men was the mildest and most beloved
  To his kin the kindest keenest for praise.
  Then the Goth’s people reared a mighty pile
  With shields and armour hung as he had asked.
  And in the midst the warriors on the mount
  Kindled a mighty bale fire the smoke rose
  Black from the Swedish pine the sound of flame.
 
  1. Who is the man concerned in the poem What has happened to him From which work is this excerpt taken
 
  【参考答案】
 
  The Anglo-Saxon Period.
 
  I. Fill in the following blanks.
 
  1. Celtic Angles Saxons Jutes Anglia
  2. 400 410 A. D
  3. pagan Christian oral sagas the monks
  4. the monks religious coloring
  5. The Song of Beowulf Beowulf
  6.. continent 6th. Scandinavian peninsula Danes
  7. Caedmon 7th
  8. Caedmon
  9. Cynewulf
 
  II. Choose the best answer for each blank.
  1. a  2. c  3. b  4. d
 
  III. Decide whether the following statements are true or false and write your answers in the brackets.
  1. F  2.  F  3. T  4. T  5. T
 
  IV. Define the literary terms listed below.
 
  1. Alliteration  A repeated initial consonant to successive words. In Old English verse. Any vowel alliterates with any other and alliteration is not an unusual or expressive phenomenon but a regularly recurring structural feature of the verse occurring on the first and third and often on the first second and third primary-stressed syllables of the four stressed line. Thus from The Seafarer
 
  hreran mid hondum hrincaelde sea
 
  (“to stir with his hand the rime-cold sea”
 
  In later English verse tradition alliteration becomes expressive in a variety of ways. Spenser uses it decoratively or to link adjective and noun verb and object as in the line “much daunted with that dint her sense was dazed.” In the 18th and 19th centuries it becomes even less systematic and more “musical”.
 
  2. Epic or Heroic Poetry) It is originally an oral narrative poem majestic both in them and style. Epics deal with legendary or historical events of national or universal significance involving action of broad sweep and grandeur. Most epics deal with the exploits of a single individual thereby giving unity to the composition. Typically an eptic includes several features the introduction of supernatural forces that shape the action conflict in the form of battles or other physical combat and stylistic conventions such as an invocation to the Muse a formal statement of the theme long lists of the protagonists involved and set speeches couched in elevated language. Commonplace details of everyday life may appear but they serve as background for the story and are described in merely entertaining stories of legendary or historical heroes they summarize and express the nature or ideals of an entire nation at a significant or crucial period of its history. Examples include the ancient Greek epics by the poet Homer The Iliad and the Odyssey The characteristics of the hero of an epic are national rather than individual and the exercise of those traits in heroic deeds serves to gratify a sense of national pride. At other times epics may synthesize the ideals of a great religious or cultural movement. The Divine Comedy by the Italian poet Dante expresses the faith of medieval Christianity. The faerie Queene by the English poet Edmund Spenser represents the spirit of the Renaissance in England and like Paradise Lost by the English poet John Milton represents the ideals of Christian humanism.
 
  V. Answer the following questions.
 
  1. Before the invasion of Britain the Teutons inhabited the central part of Europe as far as the Rhine a tract which in a large measure coincides with modern Germany. The Jutes Angles and Saxons were different tribes of Teutons.  These ancestors of the English dwelt in Denmark and in the lands extending southward along the North Sea.
 
  2. According to the contents of the story the poem can be divided into four parts
 
  Part 1. the fight against Grendel
  Part 2. the fight against Grendel’s mother
  Part 3.the fight against the Dragon.
  Part 4. Bewoulf’s funeral
  Beowulf which centers on the narration of the exploits of the heroic figure. Beowulf is mainly about his three major adventures. It reflects a life of fights and feasting of ceremony of brilliant gold and sudden darkness. However thematically the poem presents a vivid picture of how the primitive people wage heroic struggles against the natural world under a wise and mighty leader.
 
  VI. Exercise on the readings.
  1. The man concerned in this poem is Beowulf. He is dead. The excerpt is taken from The Song of Beowulf.
 
 

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