您当前位置: 圣才学习网首页 >> 英语类 >> 英美文学

美国文学课后练习(二)

扫码手机阅读
用圣才电子书APP或微信扫一扫,在手机上阅读本文,也可分享给你的朋友。
评论(0
  I.  Give brief answers to the following questions.
  Unit 1
  1.  Who were the earliest settlers? Where were they then? Who was the most influential group?
  2.  What were the first American writings?
  3.  Could you give a description of American Puritans?
  Unit 2
  4.  What is your impression upon the person of Benjamin Franklin?
  5.  What belief does the Autobiography stand for?
  6.  What is Thomas Paine’s Common Sense about?
  7.  What does Freneau’s poem “The Wild Honey Suckle” indicate?
  8.  Would you say something about the style of the Autobiography?
  Unit 3
  9.  What is Irving’s style?
  10.  What does Irving’s “Rip Van Winkle” reveal?
  11.  Read Poe’s works, and tell what Poe’s theories for the short story and poetry are?
  12.  Read “Raven”, and use it as an example to illustrate Poe’s poetic   theories.
  13.  What Transcendentalist views did Emerson state in his Nature?
  14.  In your opinion, how should we read Walden?
  15.  From Walden, we can know what Thoreau’s belief is?
  16.  What is the theme of Moby Dick?
  17.  What is the significance of the character, Ahab, in the history of American literature?
  18.  Say something about the symbolism in Moby Dick.
  19.  Give a brief analysis of Hester Prynne and Dimmesdale in The Scarlet Letter.
  20.  Can you say something about the style of Walden?
  21.  What is Hawthorne’s style?
  22.  What is Transcendentalism?
  II.Define the following terms.
  1.  Realism
  2.  Naturalism
  3.  Darwinism
  4.  “The Gilded Age”
  III. Decide Whether the Statements are true or false.
  1.  In the latter half of the nineteenth century, women somewhat became the nation’s dominant culture force.
  2.  The period ranging from 1865 to 1914 has been referred to as the Age of Realism in the literary history of the United States, which is actually a movement or tendency that dominated the spirit of American literature, especially American fiction, from the 1860s onwards.
  3.  In the late nineteenth century, century, although Americans continued to read the works of Irving, Cooper, Hawthorne, and Poe, the great age of American had ended.
  4.  4.The literary interest in the so – called “reality” of life started a new period in the American literary writings known as the Age of Naturalism.
  5.  Earlier in the nineteenth century, Cooper had insisted on the author’s  right to present an idealized and poetic portrait of life, to avoid representations of “squalid misery”.
  6.  By the last of the nineteenth century, the realists rejected the portrayal of idealized characters and events.
  7.  The American realists sought to describe the wide range of American experience and to present the subtleties of human personality.
  8.  Criticism and Fiction was written by William Dean Howells.
  9.  Because William Dean Howells, Mark Twain and Henry James wrote more or less at the same time, the agreed eye to eye in their under standing of the “truth.”
  10. After the Civil War the Frontier was closing. Disillusionment and frustration were widely felt. What had been expected to be a “Golden Age” turned to be a “Gilded” one.
  11. By the 1870s New England Renaissance had waned. The age of Romanticism and Transcendentalism was by and large over. The age of realism had arrived.
  12. As a literary movement, realism came in the latter half of the nineteenth century, as a reaction against the “lie” of romanticism.
  IV. Choose the one or more for the following statements.
  1. In the late 19th century, a host of new writers appeared, among them were ____.
  A. Bret Harte    B. William Dean Howells
  C. Hamlin Garland  D. Mark Twain
  2. The period ranging from 1865 to 1914 has been referred to as the ____ in the literary history of the United States.
  A. the age of Realism
  B. the age of Romanticism
  C. the age of Naturalism
  D. the age of Local Colorism
  3. The realistic writers’ emphasis on the fidelistic reflection of human reality is most clearly expressed by _____ when he said in Criticism and Fiction (1891) that “I confess I do not care to judge any work of the imagination without first applying this test to it. We must ask ourselves before anything else, is it true? ____ true to the motives, the impulses, the principles that shape the life of actual men and women?”
  A. Mark Twain
  B. Henry James
  C. William Dean Howells
  D. Theodore Dreiser
  4. Influenced by such Europeans an ____, America’s most noteworthy new authors established a literature of realism.
  A. Zola   B. Flaubert
  C. Balzac   D. Tolstoy
  5. Howells defined realism as “nothing more and nothing less than the truthful treatment of material”, and he best exemplified his theories in three novels. Choose them from the following.
  A. The Modern Instance
  B. The Rise of Silas Laphan
  C. A Hazard of New Fortunes
  D. The Prince and the Pauper
  6. Mark TWAIN Created, in ____, a masterpiece of American realism that is also one of the great books of world literature.
  A. Huckleberry Finn
  B. Tom Sawyer
  C. The Man That Corrupted Hadleyburg
  D. The Gilded Age
  7. The three dominant figures of the realistic period in American literature are ____.
  A. Theodore Dreiser, Emily Dickinson and William Dean Howells
  B. Mark Twain, Henry James and William Dean Howells
  C. Mark Twain, Theodore Dreiser and William Dean Howells
  D. Mark Twain, Emily Dickinson and William Dean Howells
  8. Among the following, who is Not considered as a local colorist?
  A) Bret Harte    B) Kate Chopin
  C) Hamlin Garland  D) Henry James
  9. The pessimism and deterministic ideas of naturalism pervaded the works of such American writers as ____.
  A) Stephen Crane  B) Frank Norris
  C) Jack London   D) Henry James
  E) Theodore Dreiser
  10. Although realism and naturalism were products of the nineteenth century, their final triumph came in the twentieth century, with the popular and critical successes of such writers as ____.
  A) Edwin Arlington Robinson   B) Willa Cather
  C) Sherwood Anderson     D) Robert Frost
  E) William Faulkner
  11. The impact of Darwin’s evolutionary theory on the American through and the influence of the 19th century French literature on the American men of letters gave rise to yet another school of realism____.
  A) critic realism     B) romanticism
  C) American naturalism  D) modernism
  V. Answer the following questions.
  1. Compare the similarities and differences between Howells, Mark Twain and Henry James, in terms of their literary orientation.
  2. What is the realists’ emphasis or principle?
  3.What is the characteristic of American realism?

小编工资已与此挂钩!一一分钱!求打赏↓ ↓ ↓

如果你喜欢本文章,请赐赏:

已赐赏的人
最新评论(共0条)评论一句