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英国文学史及选读 Chapter6

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The Age of Enlightenment England
 
  I. Complete each of the following statements with a proper word or phrase according to th etextbook.
  1.The Revolution of 1688, which banished the last of the _____ kings, marks the end of the long struggle for political freedom in England.
  2.Another feature of the age was the rapid development of _________.
  3.It is simply for convenience that we study 18th century writings in three main divisions: the reign of so-called _____, the revival of _______ poetry, and the beginnings of the _______.
  4.The philosophy of the nlighteners, though ________ ________ and _________ in its essence, did not exclude senses, or sentiments, as a means of perception and learning.
  5.The most outstanding figure of English sentimentalism was ________.
  6.The Tarler and _______ _________ were Steele and Addison’s chief contribution to English literature.
  7.Robinson Crusoe is largely an ______ ________ ________ story, rather than the study of ______ _______ which Defoe probably intended it to be.
  8.Gulliver’s adventures begins with ______________, who are so small that Gulliver is a giant among them.
  9.The poem, which Addison named ______ _______, was hailed throughout England as a great work.
  10.In the essays of the 16th century, French writer ____ set the model for more familiar, personal and discursive discussion.
  11.Fielding’s laternovels are _______________, was inspired by the success of Richardson’s novel Pamela.
  12.As________, Goldsmith is among the best of the century.
  13. The greatest of _______ poets is Robert Burns.
  II. Match the theirs works in column A writers/genres with in column B.
  
  1. (  ) The Deserted Village    a. Thomas Gary
  2. (  ) The Village        b. George Crabble
  3. (  ) Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard c. Oliver Goldsmith
  4. (  ) The Seasons        d. James Thomson
  5. (  ) The Rape of the Lock     e. William Blake
  6. (  ) The Chimney Sweeper    f. Alexander Pope
  7. (  ) A Red, Red Rose     g. Robert Burns
  
  1. (  )A Sentimental Journey      a. Daniel Defoe
  2. (  ) The Vicar of Wakefield     b. Jonathan Swift
  3. (  ) The School for Scandal     c.John Bunyan
  4. (  ) The History of a Young Lady   d. Horace Walpole
  5. (  ) Tom Jones           e. Laurence Sterne
  6. (  ) The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle  f. Oliver Goldsmith
  7. (  ) Robinson Crusoe       g. Richard B. Sheridam
  8. (  ) Gulliver’s Travels       h. Samuel Richardson
  9. (  ) The Castle of Otranto       i. T. G. Smollet
  10.(  ) The Pilgrim’s Progress     j. Fielding.
  
  1. (  ) The Vicar of Wakefield    a. essay  2. (  ) She Stoops to Conquer     b. poem
  3. (  ) The Citizen of the world    c. novel
  4. (  ) The Deserted Village      d. comedy
  III. Define the leterature terms listed below.
  1.Enlightenment Movement
  2.Realistic Novel
  3.Gothic novel
  4.Heroic Couplet
  5.Mock Epic
  6.Bildungsroman
  7.Epitaph
  8.Farce
  9.Imagism
  10.Rhyme
  IV. Answer the following questions.
  1.What is Pope’s position in English literature?
  2.What are the features of Sterne’s novels?
  3.What are the narrative festures of Gulliver’s Travel?
  4.What is Dr. Johnson’s comment on Addison’s prose?
  5.What is Fielding’s style?
  6.Why is Burn’s poetry important?

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