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美国文学史试卷(重庆大学)

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  I. Explain the following terms briefly less than 100 words for each term. Write your answer on ANSWER SHEET (20 points)
  1. Local Colorism
  2. New England Poets
  3. American Naturalism
  4. Transcendentalism
  II. Part A Identify the author of the following prose writing and write the name of the author beside it in the examination paper (15 points)
  1. Moby Dick
  2. On Self-reliance
  3. The American Tragedy
  4. The Portrait of a Lady
  5. The Last of Mohicans
  6. The Legend of Sleepy Hollow
  7. The Pioneer
  8. The Life on the Mississippi
  9. The Red Badge of Courage
  10. The Octopus
  11. The Sound and Fury
  12. For Whom the Bell Tolls
  13. Tender Is the Night
  14. A Week on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers.
  15. The House of Seven Gables
  Part B identify the author and the title of the following poem stanzas and write the names of author and the title of the poem beside it in the examination paper 20 points
  1. A bird came down the Walk ----
  He did not know I saw ----
  He bit an Angleworm in halves
  And ate the fellow, raw,
  Two roads diverged in a yellow wood,
  And sorry I could not travel both
  And be one traveler, long I stood
  And looked down one as far as I could
  To where it bent in the undergrowth; (2)
  2. The apparition of these faces in the crowd;
  Petals on a wet, black bough.
  3. I died for Beauty---but was scarce
  Adjusted in the Tomb
  When One who died for Truth, was lain
  In an adjoining Room---
  4. For I have known them all already, know them all:
  Have known the evenings, mornings, afternoons,
  I have measured out my life with coffee spoons;
  I know the voices dying with a dying fall (5)
  Beneath the music from a farther room.
  So how should I presume?
  5. Tell me not, in mournful number,
  Life is but an empty dream !
  For the soul is dead that slumbers,
  And thing are not what they seem.
  6. So much depends
  upon
  a red wheel
  barrow
  glazed with rain
  water
  beside the white
  chickens.
  7. A child said, What is the grass? Fetching it to me with full hands;
  How could I answer the child? …. I do not know what it is any more than he.
  I guess it must be the flag of my disposition, out of hopeful green stuff woven.
  Or I guess it is the handkerchief of the Lord,
  A scented gift and remembrancer designedly dropped,
  Bearing the owner’s names someway in the corners, that we may see and remark, and say Whose?
  Or I guess the grass itself a child …. the produced babe of the vegetation ….
  8. In the room the women come and go
  Talking of Michelangelo.
  9. While my hair was still cut straight across my forehead
  I played about the front gate, pulling flowers
  You came by on a bamboo stilts, playing horse,
  You walked about my seat, playing with blue plumes.
  And we went on living in the village of Chokan:
  Two small people, without dislike or suspicion.
  III. Answer the following questions in less than 200 words for each. Write your answers on ANSWER SHEET (30 points):
  1.What kind of poet is Walt Whitman? You should give example to supplement your argument.
  2.Why is Nathaniel Hawthorne fond of using symbols in his novels and short stories?
  IV. Write a comment on the following excerpt from Nature in less than 200 words and write your answer on ANSWER SHEET (15 points)
  To speak truly, few adult persons can see nature. Most persons do not see the sun. At least they have a very superficial seeing. The sun illuminates only the eye of the man, but shines into the eye and the heart of the child. The lover of nature is he whose inward and outward senses are still truly adjusted to each other; who has retained the spirit of infancy even into the era of manhood. His intercourse with heaven and earth, becomes part of his daily food. In the presence of nature, a wild delight runs through the man, in spite of real sorrows. Nature says, ---- he is my creature, and maugre all his impertinent griefs, he shall be glad with me. Not the sun or summer alone, but every hour and season yields its tribute of delight; for every hour and change corresponds to and authorizes a different state of the mind, from breathless noon to grimmest night. Nature is a setting that fits equally well a comic or a mourning piece. In good health, the air is a cordial of incredible virtue. Crossing a bare common, in snow puddles, at twilight, under a clouded sky, without having in my thoughts any occurrence of special good fortune, I have enjoyed a perfect exhilaration. Almost I fear to think how glad I am. In the woods too, a man casts off his years, as the snake his slough, and at what period soever of life, is always a child. In the woods, is perpetual youth. Within these plantations of God, a decorum and sanctity reign, a perennial festival is dressed, and the guest sees not how he should tire of them in a thousand years In the woods, we return to reason and faith. There I feel that nothing can befall me in life, ---- no disgrace, no calamity, (leaving me my eyes,) which nature cannot repair. Standing on the bare ground, ---- my head bathed by the blithe air, and uplifted into infinite space, ---- all mean egoism vanishes. I become a transparent eye-ball. I am nothing. I see all. The currents of the Universal Being circulate through me; I am part or particle of God. The name of the nearest friend sounds then foreign and accidental. To be brothers, to be acquaintances, ---- master or servant, is then a trifle and a disturbance. I am the love of uncontained and immortal beauty. In the wildness, I find something more dear and connate than in streets or villages. In the tranquil landscape, and especially in the distant line of the horizon, man behold somewhat as beautiful as his own nature.

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