2020年全国英语等级考试(PETS)四级考试模拟题

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  导语:圣才学习网小编为您整理了2020年全国英语等级考试(PETS)四级考试模拟题,详情如下所示!更多英语类考试动态|考试大纲|模拟试题|历年真题请点击查看英语考试网


  2020年全国英语等级考试(PETS)四级考试模拟题


  Directions: In the following text, some sentences have been removed. For Questions 51—55, choose the most suitable one from the list A—G to fit into each of the numbered blanks. There are two extra choices, which do not fit in any of the blanks. Mark your answers on the ANSWER SHEET.


  In a democratic society citizens are encouraged to form their own opinions on candidates for public offices, taxes, constitutional amendments, environmental concerns, foreign policy, and other issues. The opinions held by any population are shaped and manipulated by several factors: individual circumstances, the mass media, special-interest groups, and opinion leaders.


  Wealthy people tend to think differently on social issues from poor people. Factory workers probably do not share the same views as white Collar workers, non-union workers. Women employed outside their homes sometimes have perspectives different from those of full-time homemakers. (51)______


  (52)______ Government officials note how mail from the public tends to “follow the headlines”. Whatever is featured in newspapers and magazines and on television attracts enough attention that people begin to inform themselves and to express opinions.


  (53)______ Prior to television and the national editions of newspapers, issues and candidates tended to remain localized. In Great Britain and West Germany, for example, elections to the national legislatures were usually viewed by voters as local contests. Today’s elections are seen as struggles between party leaders and programs. In the United States radio and television have been beneficial to the presidency. (54)______


  Special-interest groups spend vast sums annually trying to influence public opinion. Public utilities, for instance, tried to sway public opinion in favor of nuclear power plants. Opposed to them were citizens’ organizations successful advertising campaign designed to prevent the passage of Medicare.


  Opinion leaders are usually such prominent public figures as politicians, some business personalities, and celebrity athletes. (55)______ Some individuals, such as Nobel Prize winners, are suddenly thrust into public view by the media. By quickly reaching a large audience, their views gain a hearing and are perhaps influential in shaping views on complex issues.


  [A] Since the days of Franklin D. Roosevelt and his “fireside chats”, presidents have appealed directly to a national audience over the heads of Congress to advocate their programs.


  [B] The mass media, especially television, are powerful influences on the way people think and act.


  [C] In these and other ways individual status shapes one’s view of current events.


  [D] Different individual circumstances may lead to social injustice.


  [E] The mass media have also created larger audiences for government and a wider range of public issues than existed before.


  [F] The opinions of these individuals, whether informed and intelligent or not, carry weight with some segments of the population.


  [G] Special-interest groups usually fight for their own groups’ interests.


  【答案】


  51.C 文章第一段最后一句列举了个人境遇、大众媒体、特殊利益团体和舆论领袖4个方面的因素,第二段是介绍个人境遇对观点的影响,如穷人与富人、工人与白领、家庭主妇和工作的妇女等。C项“个人地位以某种方式来塑造个人对于当前事件的观点。”是对本段主题的总结。因此本题选C项。


  52.B 本段主要讲到媒体为人们提供信息并且影响人们的观点。follow/grab the headlines是一个习惯搭配,指“跟随媒体的热门话题”。B项“媒体,尤其是电视,有力地影响了人们思考和行动的方式”符合该段主题,放在本段句首作为本段的中心句。


  53.E 本段主要是关于媒体对政界和政府的影响。E项“媒体还为政府创造了比以往更多的大量观众,更宽广的公众问题。”放在本段句首,既与第二段结构形成对照,同时总起本段中心句。


  54.A 空格前面提到美国广播和电视有益于总统任期。A项紧接着给出具体的例证,证明其对总统的有益性。A项填在此处使得上下文语意通顺连贯,符合上下文语境,因此填入A项。


  55.F 最后一段主要介绍了舆论领袖的作用。空格后面提到一些个人通过媒体突然进入公众视野,并且获得大量观众,他们的观点形成一定的影响力。F项“这些人的观点,不管是否明智,是否具有信息性,在一定人群中具有影响力”与下文意思相对应。另外,这里的“these individuals”指代的上文中例举的一系列舆论领导“such prominent public figures as politicians, some business personalities, and celebrity athletes”。因此本题选F项。




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