2019年12月大学英语四级仔细阅读练习题(三)

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  2019年12月大学英语四级仔细阅读练习题(三)


  Professor Smith recently persuaded 35 people, 23 of them women, to keep a diary of all their absent-minded actions for a fortnight. When he came to analyze their embarrassing lapses(差错) in a scientific report, he was surprised to find that nearly all of them fell into a few groupings. Nor did the lapses appear to be entirely random(随机的).


  One of the women, for instance, on leaving her house for work one morning threw her dog her earrings and tried to fix a dog biscuit on her ear, “the explanation for this is that the brain is like a computer,” explains the professor. “People program themselves to do certain activities regularly. It was the woman’s custom every morning to throw her dog two biscuits and then put on her earrings. But somehow the action got reversed in the program.” About one in twenty of the incidents the volunteers reported were these “program assembly failures”.


  Altogether the volunteers logged 433 unintentional actions that they found themselves doing—an average of twelve each. There appear to be peak periods in the day when we are at our zaniest(荒谬可笑的). These are two hours some time between eight a.m. and noon, between four and six p.m. with a smaller peak between eight and ten p.m. “Among men the peak seems to be when a changeover in brain ‘programs’ occurs, as for instance between going to and from work.” Women on average reported slightly more lapses—12.5 compared with 10.9 for men—probably because they were more reliable reporters.


  A startling finding of the research is that the absent-minded activity is a hazard of doing things in which we are skilled. Normally, you would expect that skill reduces the number of errors we make. But trying to avoid silly slips by concentrating more could make things a lot worse—even dangerous.


  1.In his study Professor Smith asked the subjects _____.


  A. to keep track of people who tend to forget things


  B. to report their embarrassing lapses at random


  C. to analyze their awkward experiences scientifically


  D. to keep a record of what they did unintentionally


  【答案】D


  2.Professor Smith discovered that _____.


  A. certain patterns can be identified in the recorded incidents


  B. many people were too embarrassed to admit their absent-mindedness


  C. men tend to be more absent-minded than women


  D. absent-mindedness is an excusable human weakness


  【答案】A


  3.“Program assembly failures” (Para.2) refers to the phenomenon that people _____.


  A. often fail to program their routines beforehand


  B. tend to make mistakes when they are in a hurry


  C. unconsciously change the sequence of doing things


  D. are likely to mess things up if they are too tired


  【答案】C


  4.We learn from the third paragraph that _____.


  A. absent-mindedness tends to occur during certain hours of the day


  B. women are very careful to perform actions during peak periods


  C. women experience more peak periods of absent-mindedness


  D. men’s absent-mindedness often results in funny situations


  【答案】A


  5.It can be concluded from the passage that _____.


  A. people should avoid important things, during peak periods of lapses


  B. hazards can be avoided when people do things they are good at


  C. people should be careful when programming their actions


  D. lapses cannot always be attributed to lack of concentration


  【答案】D




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