2019年6月英语四级阅读理解模拟练习题(4)

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  2019年6月英语四级阅读理解模拟练习题(4)


  Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:


  W hat is the importance of the Afro American history to all Americans? How could Afro Americans contribute anything to American history when they were just slaves and servants? This is the image which many of us are taught when we go to school. This is the image many Afro Americans have of themselves also. The Afro Americans need to remake their real historical image so that it is known and accepted in its truthfulness by themselves and the rest of the world. Men and women of darker color are human beings entitled to respect and acceptance in history. When we think of famous scientists and inventors we immediately think of men such as Alexander Graham Bell, Thomas Edison and Jonas E.Salk. This is because we associate famous people with the Anglo Saxon race. But what about the Afro American inventors and scientists? How many men during World War Ⅰ owe their lives to Garrett Morgan who invented the gas mask? Garrett Morgan also invented the traffic light which saves numerous lives on our streets. Daniel Hale Williams was the first successful heart surgeon. Charles Drew saved hundreds of thousands of lives during World War II by his discovery of the ways and means of preserving blood plasma. Percy Julian has helped millions suffering from the excruciating pain of arthritis. These men and others should be as easily recognized as Bell, Edison and Salk.


  America is made up of many different blends of cultures. These many cultures have come to enrich and diversify the American way of life. We should not think, because history has neglected to include the background of a particular culture, that these people have an inferior history. We should search for the truth and set the record straight against the slanders, the stereotyping and false images which have identified these people. We should understand each of the cultures and learn of their specific contribution to America's life story.


  Only after we are taught the complete and accurate history of our great country and learn that the blending of cultures and backgrounds gives us ourstrength, can we go forward on the path to peace.


  36. The function of the first paragraph is to ____.


  A) present the main idea or the summary of the essay


  B) present an introduction to the topic


  C) provide background to the main theme


  D) present many cultures have contributed to American history


  37. Which of the following statements is true?


  A) Graham Bell, T.Edison and J.E.Salk are not very important people.


  B) Black people who contribute to society should have equal recognition with their white colleagues.


  C) We should not associate famous people with the Anglo Saxon race only.


  D) G.Morgan, D.H.Williams and Charles Drew were not Afro Americans.


  38. Paragraph three tells us that ____.


  A) we should oppose slander and stereotyping


  B) the American way of life is richer because it is made up of many cultures


  C) some cultures have been completely neglected


  D) Afro Americans have an inferior history


  39. The word "image" refers to ____.


  A) picture B) portray C) impression D) similar


  40. The main idea of the passage is ____.


  A) There are many Afro Americans who are famous as scientists and inventors


  B) Many Afro Americans have devoted to American history


  C) Afro American experience to American history


  D) Afro American history must be recognized as an important part of American history


  参考答案:


  36. 答案A。A. 写明主要大意或本文的总结。根据全文可知A为正确答案。 B.表现出对主题的介绍; C. 提供出关于主题的背景; D.表现出各种各样的文化对美国历史的贡献。


  37. 答案C。Bell,Edison及Salk都是重要的人。从文中我们知道他们都是美国历史上很有成就的人,因此,A不是正确答案。 B对社会有贡献的黑人应与他们白人同事得到平等的认可。文中谈到的是黑人对美国历史所作的贡献应与白人一样得到平等的认可,因此, B也不是正确答案。 C我们不应该仅仅将著名的人与盎格鲁?萨克逊民族联系在一起。 从文中我们知道,C为正确答案。 D. Morgan, Williams及Drew 不是非裔美国人,而文中说他们都是。 因此,D不正确。


  38. 答案B。A我们应该反对谣言与中伤。这只是第三段中的一部分, 因此不正确。 B美国人的生活方式是丰富的,因为它由许多文化组成。 这正是文中第三段所告诉我们的,因此为正确答案。 C有些文化已完全被忽视, 文中并未提到。 D非裔美国人的历史不太重要,显然与主题意思相反。


  39. 答案C。A图像;B肖像;C印象;D相似。 image有“图像”之意,但在本文中,从上下文看不是此意,应为“印象”之意。


  40. 答案D。本文的主要大意是非裔美国人的历史应该作为美国历史中重要的一个部分来认识。 A有许多著名的非裔美国科学家和发明家。B 许多非裔美国人为美国历史献身。 C非裔美国人受美国历史影响。





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