国际人才英语考试必备词汇4

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  detect (当场)发现(某人在干坏事):

  

  detect a student cheating

  

  deteriorate (使)恶化,(使)变坏,(使)退化:

  

  Relations between the two countries began to deteriorate.

  

  deviate 背离,偏离:

  

  deviate from the rule

  

  devote 将...献给(to):

  

  Mary devoted her life to caring for the sick.

  

  diagnose 诊断,判断:

  

  The doctor diagnosed the illness as influenza.

  

  dictate 口授,使听写:

  

  dictate a letter to a secretary

  

  differentiate 使不同,使有差别,区分,区别:

  

  differentiate varieties of plants

  

  diffuse 扩散(气体,液体等):

  

  The colors of the sunset were diffused across the sky.

  

  diminish 减少,降低:

  

  His illness diminished his strength.

  

  diplomat 外交家,外交官,圆滑的人:

  

  a career diplomat

  

  discard 丢弃,抛弃:

  

  discard an old pair of shoes

  

  discern 看出,觉察出:

  

  We could discern from his appearance that he was upset.

  

  disclose 揭露,透露,使公开:

  

  disclose information to sb.

  

  discharge 释放:

  

  The judge found him not guilty and discharged him.

  

  discount 把(价格,费用等)打折扣,削价出售:

  

  The store discounts 3 per cent on all bills paid when due.

  

  discriminate 区别,辨别:

  

  It’s difficult to discriminate between the twin brothers.

  

  disgrace 丢脸,耻辱:

  

  bring disgrace on oneself

  

  disgust 厌恶,恶心:

  

  feel disgust for bad odors

  

  disperse 分散,驱散,散去:

  

  Police dispersed the rioters with tear gas

  

  displace 移动。。。的位置:

  

  Many of the inhabitants were displaced by the rising floodwaters

  

  dispose 布置,整理:

  

  The stores disposed the jewellery in an attractive display

  

  disregard 不理会,不顾:

  

  Disregard the noise and keep working

  

  distinct 有区别的,不同的:

  

  Three distinct types of people

  

  distort 扭歪,扭曲:

  

  a face distorted by (或with)pain

  

  distract 使转向:

  

  be distracted from one’s original purpose

  

  distribute 分配,分发:

  

  distribute the prizes among the winners

  

  divorce 离婚,分离,脱离:

  

  sue for a divorce

  

  dominate 分配,统治:

  

  a white dominated society

  

  donate 捐赠,赠送:

  

  They donate to the Red Cross every year.

  

  doom 命运,厄运,劫数:

  

  His doom was to be poverty.

  

  doze 打瞌睡,打盹儿:

  

  The old lady dozed in her armchair.

  

  drain 慢慢排去:

  

  drain water from a pool

  

  dread 怕,畏惧:

  

  I dread to think of what may happen.

  

  drift 漂流,漂泊:

  

  The sounds of music drifted up to us.

  

  dubious 引起怀疑的,不确定的:

  

  a dubious reply

  

  due 欠款的,应支付的:

  

  A great deal of money is due to you.

  

  dump 倾倒,倾卸:

  

  He opened his bag and dumped its contents on the desk.

  

  duplicate 完全一样的,复制的:

  

  a duplicate key

  

  durable 耐用的:

  

  a durable fabric

  

  dwell (dwelt 或 dwelled )(尤指作为常住居民)居住:

  

  dwell on an island


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