汉语新难词英译

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  摘要:时代飞速发展,汉语新难词不断涌现,翻译时颇难下笔,还有一些政策性很强的词句,翻译时颇费斟酌。故而,中国译协中译外委员会(由来自外交部、中央编译局、中国外交局、新华社、中国国际广播电台、中国日报社的专家学者组成)定期组织研讨会议,讨论并规范目前外宣工作中的汉语新难词,向社会公布,以正视听。以下选摘部分(均已注明出处,以显有据可稽)。
  经济词汇
  保险业 the insurance industry
  保证重点指出 ensure funding for priority areas
  补发拖欠的养老金 clear up pension payments in arrears
  不良贷款 non-performing loan
  层层转包和违法分包 mutlti-level contracting and illegal subcontracting
  城乡信用社 credit cooperative in both urban and rural areas
  城镇居民最低生活保障 a minimum standard of living for city residents
  城镇职工医疗保障制度 the system of medical insurance for urban workers
  出口信贷 export credit
  贷款质量 loan quality
  贷款质量五级分类办法 the five-category assets classification for bank loans
  防范和化解金融风险 take precautions against and reduce financial risks
  防洪工程 flood-prevention project
  非法外汇交易 illegal foreign exchange transaction
  非贸易收汇 foreign exchange earnings through nontrade channels
  非银行金融机构 non-bank financial institutions
  费改税 transform administrative fees into taxes
  跟踪审计 foolow-up auditing
  工程监理制度 the monitoring system for projects
  国有资产安全 the safety of state-owned assets
  过度开垦 excess reclamation
  合同管理制度 the contract system for governing projects
  积极的财政政策 pro-active fiscal policy
  基本生活费 basic allowance
  解除劳动关系 sever labor relation
  金融监管责任制 the responsibility system for financial supervision
  经济安全 economic security
  靠扩大财政赤字搞建设 to increase the deficit to spend more on development
  扩大国内需求 the expansion of domestic demand
  拉动经济增长 fuel economic growth
  粮食仓库 grain depot
  粮食收购企业 grain collection and storage enterprise
  粮食收购资金实行封闭运行 closed operation of grain purchase funds
  粮食销售市场 grain sales market
  劣质工程 shoddy engineering
  乱收费、乱摊派、乱罚款 arbitrary charges,fund-raising,quotas and fines
  骗汇、逃汇、套汇 obtain foreign currency under false pretenses, not turn over foreign owed to the government and illegal arbitrage
  融资渠道 financing channels
  商业信贷原则 the principles for commercial credit
  社会保险机构 social security institution
  失业保险金 unemployment insurance benefits
  偷税、骗税、逃税、抗税 tax evasion, tax fraud and refusal to pay taxes
  外汇收支 foreign exchange revenue and spending
  以上摘自《中国翻译》2000年第二期
 
  安居工程 housing project for low-income urban residents
  信息化 information-based; informationization
  智力密集型 concentration of brain power; knowledge-intensive
  外资企业 overseas-funded enterprises
  下岗职工 laid-off workers
  分流 reposition of redundant personnel
  三角债 chain debts
  素质教育 education for all-round development
  豆腐渣工程 jerry-built projects
  社会治安情况 law-and-order situation
  民族国家 nation state
  以上选摘自《中国翻译》2000年第一期
 
  “台独” "independence of Taiwan"
  台湾当局 Taiwan authorities
  台湾同胞 Taiwan compatriots
  台湾是中国领土不可分割的一部分。Taiwan is an inalienable part of the Chinese territory.
  西部大开发 Development of the West Regions
  可持续性发展 sustainable development
  风险投资 risk investment
  通货紧缩 deflation
  扩大内需 to expand domestic demand
  计算机辅助教学 computer-assisted instruction ( CAI )
  网络空间 cyberspace
  虚拟现实 virtual reality
  网民 netizen ( net citizen )
  电脑犯罪 computer crime
  电子商务 the e-business
  网上购物 shopping online
  应试教育 exam-oriented education
  学生减负 to reduce study load

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